False Flooring is flooring used for buildings with high service requirement mostly offices which carries high amount of cables etc. and sometimes Air-conditioner, water supply pipes. Additional structural support and lighting are often provided when a floor is raised enough for a person to crawl or even walk beneath.
This type of floor consists of gridded metal frame work or understructure of adjustable-height legs (“called Pedestal”) that provide support for individual floor panels, which are usually by 2 X 2 feet or 60 X 60 cms in size. The height of the legs/pedestals is dictated by the volume of cable and other services provided beneath, but typically arranged for clearance of at least six inches or 15cms.
The panels are normally made of steel-clad particle board or a steel panel with a cementitious internal core. There are a variety of flooring finishes to suit the application such as carpets, high pressure laminates, marble, stone, and anti-static finishes for use in computer rooms and laboratories.
Many modern computer and equipment rooms employ an under-floor cooling system to ensure even cooling of the room with minimal wasted energy. Cooled air is pumped under the floor and dispersed upward into the room through regularly spaced diffuser tiles or through ducts directed into specific equipment.
False ceiling is provided below the roof slab on suspended supports. The false celling is usually provided for temperature control (heat insulation for AC), to install lights, or to conceal electrical and other networking cables and ugly or too high ceiling. False ceiling is an example of modern construction and architecture in both residential and commercial applications. The major classification based on materials used are listed briefly below,
- Gypsum Ceiling
- Plaster of Paris Ceiling
- Fiber Ceiling
- Wooden Ceiling
- Glass Ceiling
- Metal Ceiling
- Synthetic Leather or Cloth Ceiling